WASHINGTON — South Korea will increase its contribution to the cost of US forces stationed in the country under an agreement reached with the United States, the State Department said on Sunday (March 7), easing an irritant in ties between the two allies.rrThe agreement reflects the Biden administration’s "commitment to reinvigorating and modernising our democratic alliances around the world to advance our shared security and prosperity," a State Department spokeswoman said.rrThe proposed six-year "Special Measures Agreement" will replace the previous arrangement that expired at the end of 2019.rrThe spokeswoman said the agreement included a "negotiated meaningful increase in host nation support contributions," but gave no further details.rrThere are about 28,500 US troops stationed in South Korea. More than 90 per cent of Seoul's contributions under the previous agreement went directly back into the South Korean economy, the spokeswoman added.rrThe negotiations had been gridlocked after former US President Donald Trump rejected Seoul's offer to pay 13 per cent more, for a total of about US$1 billion (S$1.34 billion) a year, and demanded as much as US$5 billion.rrSeoul currently pays Washington about US$920 million a year.rrThe deal must still be approved by the South Korean legislature. South Korea's Foreign Ministry confirmed an agreement in principle in a statement, but offered no specifics.rr“Both sides will make a public announcement and hold a tentative signing ceremony after completing internal reporting procedures. The government will resolve to sign an agreement in a swift manner to resolve its vacuum that has lasted more than a year and contribute to strengthening the alliance," the ministry added.rrPresident Joe Biden has vowed to revitalise US alliances after four years of strains under Trump and build a united front to counter the challenges posed by Russia, China and Iran.rrSouth Korea began paying for the US troop presence in the early 1990s, after rebuilding its war-devastated economy.rrThe two countries signed a treaty of mutual defence at the end of the 1950-1953 Korean War, which provided the basis for the stationing of US forces in South Korea.rrWashington reached agreement last month with Japan on its contribution for the stationing of US forces there, keeping Tokyo's annual costs steady at about US$1.9 billionrrSouth Korea's chief envoy, Mr Jeong Eun-bo, told reporters on Thursday that his country was seeking to iron out remaining differences and sign a deal with Washington on sharing costs for stationing American troops.rrMr Jeong made the comment as he arrived in Washington for the first face-to-face talks with US envoy Donna Welton since Mr Biden's administration took office in January.rrAfter the last pact expired, some 4,000 South Koreans working for the US military were placed on unpaid leave, prompting the two countries to scramble for a stopgap agreement to let them return to work. REUTERSr
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